Square matrices are used (in computer graphics) to represent geometric transformations.
If you sometimes forget whether rows or columns come first, just remember that matrices are build out of rowman columns. A matrix can be given a name. In printed text, the name for a matrix is usually a capital letter in bold face, like A or M. Sometimes as a reminder the dimensions are written to the right of the letter, as in B3x3.
The elements of a matrix also have names, usually a lowercase letter the same as the matrix name, with the position of the element written as a subscript. So, for example, the 3x3 matrix A might be written as:
Sometimes you write