Figure 3.4 plots the *impulse response* of the example filter, as
computed by the matlab script shown in Fig.3.5. (The plot-related
commands are also included for completeness.^{4.2}) The *impulse signal* consists of a single sample at
time 0 having amplitude 1, preceded and followed by zeros (an ideal
``click'' at time 0). Linear, time-invariant filters are fully
characterized by their response to this simple signal, as we will show
in
Chapter 4.

% matlab-fp2/eir.m - impulse response computation in Matlab/Octave % Example comb filter: g1 = 0.5^3; B = [1 0 0 g1]; % Feedforward coeffs g2 = 0.9^5; A = [1 0 0 0 0 g2]; % Feedback coefficients h = filter(B,A,[1,zeros(1,50)]); % Impulse response % h = impz(B,A,50); % alternative in octave-forge or MSPTB % Matlab-compatible plot: clf; figure(1); stem([0:50],h,'-k'); grid; axis([0 50 -0.8 1.1]); ylabel('Amplitude'); xlabel('Time (samples)'); cmd = 'print -deps ../eps/eir.eps'; disp(cmd); eval(cmd); |

The impulse response of this filter is also easy to compute by hand. Referring to the difference equation

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